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Sleep Disorders

EXPERT EVALUATION OF ADULT SLEEP DISORDERS

If you have trouble falling asleep, staying asleep, or if you wake up every day feeling tired, you may be living with an diagnosed sleep disorder. The NeuroMedical Center’s team of sleep experts including board-certified neurologists are here to help you discover how a good night’s rest can make all the difference in your day. The NeuroMedical Center offers comprehensive evaluation and treatment of all adult sleep disorders.  Sleep studies are performed in-house at The Spine Hospital of Louisiana’s accredited Sleep Center.

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COMMON SLEEP DISORDERS

Sleep Apnea

Is a disorder of breathing that occurs during sleep. Usually accompanied by snoring and brief periods in which breathing stops. Often, patients with sleep apnea wake up in the morning not feeling refreshed and have trouble staying awake during the day. Obstructive sleep apnea can be caused by excess tissue in the airway, large tonsils, large tongue or obstruction in the nasal passages. This is a potentially life threatening situation that may require immediate medical attention.

Shift Work Disorder 

This sleep disorder can be caused by night shifts, rotating shift, or even early morning shifts. It can cause chronic sleep deprivation, in which a person never catches up on sleep. Symptoms include excessive sleepiness when you need to be awake and alert, difficulty concentrating, and sleep that feels unrefreshing or insufficient. This chronic loss of sleep has serious implications for health, productivity, and safety.

Restless Leg Syndrome (RLS)

Is a discomfort of the legs, which is relieved by moving or stimulating the legs. Patients report the sensation feels like a crawling, tingling or prickling sensation that occurs mostly with riding in a car, watching TV, reading, inactivity or lying in bed trying to fall asleep. A variation to restless legs is PLMS (Periodic Limb Movements in Sleep). This is characterized by leg movements or jerking every 20-40 seconds during sleep. This disrupts sleep and can cause excessive daytime sleepiness.

Insomnia

Insomnia is a complaint, not a disorder. There are many types of insomnia: Difficulty falling asleep, difficulty staying asleep or waking up too early. A person needs enough sleep at night to feel alert during the day (usually 7-9 hours). Many things can cause insomnia, so it is important to see a doctor and treat the cause. Insomnia is characterized as transient (lasts a few days), short-term (2-4 weeks or poor sleep), or chronic (lasts a month or longer.)  Associated symptoms include daytime sleepiness, anxiety, trouble concentrating, impaired memory and irritability.

Narcolepsy

Is a chronic disorder that affects the brain at the area where regulation of sleep and wakefulness takes place. Patients with narcolepsy can fall asleep while talking, driving or working. The sleep episodes can last from 30 seconds to over 30 minutes. There is no cure for Narcolepsy; symptoms can be controlled with medication or behavioral management. If not treated it can cause social, psychological or financial difficulties that could be devastating. Early diagnosis and treatment is important.

Sleepwalking (Somnambulism)

This is ambulation that occurs during sleep. Patients are typically difficult to arouse during the episode and have amnesia afterwards of the episode. When severe, it could be associated with physical injury. If the sleepwalker exits the house or it occurs frequently, seek professional help immediately. There have been tragedies associated with sleep walking; do not wait to seek medical help.

Sleep Terrors

This is a sudden episode of intense terror during sleep. Patients have partial or total amnesia of the events. Characterized by a sudden arousal from sleep by a piercing scream or cry and a feeling of intense fear. When severe, it can cause physical injury. If you are concerned, seek professional help immediately.

Sleep Bruxism

Is a disorder of clenching or grinding of the teeth during sleep. It can cause abnormal wear of the teeth or jaw muscle discomfort. Some patients have rare episodes that are mild. If you suffer from nightly episodes, associated with dental injury, TMJ or physical injury, seek professional help immediately.

Hypersomnia

Is a disorder characterized by excessive sleepiness. It is a period of deep or prolonged major sleep. Onset is gradual, so it is not noticed initially.

Sleep Deprivation

Is a condition that is running rampant. Mostly caused by peoples fast-paced lifestyles, but can sometimes be caused by a sleep disorder. It causes patients to not get the sleep they need.


GET SOME SLEEP!

Getting the restful sleep you need may start with a referral by your physician to The Spine Hospital of Louisiana’s Sleep Center located on the 2nd floor of The NeuroMedical Center. The Sleep Center is one of Baton Rouge’s only full-service sleep centers accredited by the American Academy of Sleep Medicine. Most sleep studies are performed in one of comfortable in-house sleep laboratories, where we will monitor you overnight with specialized sleep tests. Scheduling a sleep study at The Spine Hospital of Louisiana offers faster diagnosis and treatment of all sleep disturbance issues.

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