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Vertigo



Overview

If you feel like you’re spinning for no reason, you may vertigo. This dizziness can be a nuisance, but it’s usually not a sign of anything serious. It can interrupt your day. And it can put you at risk for falling.

Causes
Vertigo can be caused by a buildup of tiny calcium particles that float around in the fluid in your inner ear. It may also be linked to problems with the pressure in your inner ear. Pressure changes can be caused by an infection or other issue.

Symptoms

Vertigo implies there is a sensation of motion either of the person or the environment, often perceived as if the room is spinning around you. This should not be confused with symptoms of lightheadedness, fainting, or motion-sickness.  If true vertigo exists, the individual may have any or all of these symptoms lasting for minutes to hours:

  • Spinning, tilting or falling sensatiom
  • Trouble walking or standing
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Sweating
  • Abnormal Eye Movements

In many cases, these symptoms begin when you change the position of your head. They can happen when you lie down or sit up, or when you look up or down.

If your dizziness is accompanied by other abnormal factors such as double vision or trouble using your arms and legs you should seek immediate medical attention. 

Treatment
The prognosis for vertigo depends on the cause. Vertigo is diagnosed by a medical history and physical exam.  At The NeuroMedical Center CT scans, blood tests, MRIs may also be performed to identify the cause.

While the majority of vertigo cases are harmless, any signs and symptoms of vertigo should be evaluated by a doctor. Most causes are easily treated with medication and/or physical therapy. If your vertigo is caused by calcium particles in your inner ear, a series of specific head movements can reposition these particles and keep them from bothering you. Request an appointment with a neurologist at The NeuroMedical Center for a treatment plan tailored to your needs.